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Plantar Fasciitis and its Treatment

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Plantar Fasciitis is a disorder in which there is a pain in the heel and bottom of the foot. At the beginning of this disorder, pain is severe. When toe and foot are bent towards the shin, it causes pain, and it worsens when the Achilles tendons are tightened. This disorder comes on slowly.

Actually, fascia work as a shock absorber for the foot. If more stress than it can bear is applied to it, this causes inflammation and pain caused by wear and tear in the ligament plantar fascia.  Men and women from ages 40 to 70 have the highest risk of developing plantar fasciitis. The reasons for plantar fasciitis are not clear, but there are multiple risk factors which might bring on plantar fasciitis and by avoiding them you can marginalize the risk:

  • Long periods of standing
  • Long distance running
  • Obesity i.e. increased BMI
  • Unequal length of leg
  • High feet arch
  • Flat feet
  • Inappropriate footwear
  • Foot injury in rare cases

Plantar fasciitis can also be associated with inward rolling of the foot and a routine with little or no physical activity. People suffering from plantar fasciitis disorder are advised to take rest in the first week and change their activities, take medicine prescribed by doctor and stretch.  If these option for the treatment do not work then a physiotherapist is recommended; orthotics, splinting, or injection of steroid are taken into consideration.

Identifying Plantar Fasciitis:

The symptoms and signs of plantar fasciitis are similar to other medical conditions, so one should make sure of the exact condition.  The pain associated with plantar fasciitis is sharp and unilateral. Major symptoms include stiffness and suffering in the bottom of the heel, although some experience this pain in the middle of the foot too. This plantar fasciitis pain is worsened by bearing weight on heel after an extended period of rest, for instance after waking up in the morning when you put first step on the floor.

Climbing stairs can be a hard experience with plantar fasciitis. As the inflammation increases, the pain will increase too. While any physical activity hurts, after rest when the foot is moved pain reaches its threshold. Not always is a heel spur the cause of plantar fasciitis; according to American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons one out of twenty people have a heel spur and only one of them feel its pain. Medical practitioners diagnose plantar fasciitis by:

  • Asking the patient to flex his foot
  • They might notice any swelling or redness
  • Evaluating reflexes tone of muscle
  • They might recommend an X-ray scan
  • Ultrasound of fascia; which reveals internal condition

Treating Plantar Fasciitis Disorder:

Options available range from home treatment to surgery. Below are some of the standard treatments in practice:

Treatments of plantar fasciitis:

  • Home Treatments
  • Rest and NASIDs
  • Medication
  • Extracorporeal shockwave therapy
  • Corticosteroid
  • Iontophoresis
  • Shoes for plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery

Options to choose:

The extent of your condition should determine the best treatment option for you. If your problem is at a very early level, it can be cured with home remedies. If your problem is increased, you can take Aspirin and Ibuprofen and take rest. If simple medicine does not work then, you have to go for prescription medications specified for plantar fasciitis. If this is too insufficient, then you can use steroid injections as well. If this too does not work, the last option remaining is surgery, but shoes for plantar fasciitis can provide support for recovering at any stage.

Do you have plantar fasciitis? How do you cope?

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