Category Archives: Health & Fitness

Understanding the Difference Between Complex PTSD and PTSD

Many people are familiar with the acronym PTSD, but fewer know about complex PTSD. Both conditions are the result of exposure to traumas, but complex PTSD is a more severe condition that can develop when the trauma is prolonged or repeated. 

PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder, occurs when someone experiences a traumatic event. The event could be a one-time occurrence, such as a car accident, or it could be repeated exposure to traumas, such as in the case of soldiers who have been in combat. Symptoms of PTSD can include flashbacks, nightmares, anxiety, depression, and social withdrawal. 

Complex PTSD is similar to PTSD in that it is also caused by exposure to traumas. However, complex PTSD is distinguished from PTSD by the fact that it occurs after prolonged or repeated traumas. Complex trauma can occur in cases of child abuse, domestic violence, human trafficking, and war. The symptoms of complex PTSD can be more severe than those of PTSD and can include self-harming behaviors, dissociation, and feeling as though one’s personality has changed. 

Complex PTSD vs. PTSD: The Differences

PTSD develops after a single, traumatic event. C-PTSD, on the other hand, develops after exposure to long-term trauma, such as child abuse, domestic violence, or war. In addition, C-PTSD includes all of the symptoms of PTSD, plus additional symptoms related to changes in self-identity and self-direction. 

C-PTSD is a relatively new diagnosis; it was first included in the DSM-5 in 2013. Because of this, there is still much research needed to better understand the condition. However, we do know that C-PTSD can be debilitating and significantly reduce quality of life. If you have experienced long-term trauma, it is important to talk to a mental health professional to see if you might have C-PTSD. 

Treatment for Complex PTSD vs. PTSD

Treatment for both conditions typically includes some form of therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy. Some people with complex PTSD may also benefit from medication to help with anxiety or depression. The most important thing is to find a treatment that works for you and that you feel comfortable with. 

If you think you may have either condition, it’s important to seek professional help. A qualified mental health professional will be able to give you a diagnosis and help you find the best course of treatment. 

Symptoms of Complex PTSD and PTSD

PTSD symptoms can be divided into four main categories: intrusive thoughts, avoidance, negative changes in mood and thinking, and changes in physical and emotional reactions. People with PTSD may relive their trauma over and over again through intrusive thoughts or nightmares. They may also try to avoid anything that reminds them of the trauma or numbing their emotions altogether. These symptoms can make it hard for people with PTSD to go about their everyday lives. 

Complex PTSD also shares many of these symptoms with regular PTSD. However, there are two key differences that set complex PTSD apart. First, complex PTSD generally occurs after exposure to prolonged or repeated trauma, such as in cases of child abuse or domestic violence. Second, complex PTSD often leads to problems with self-regulation, which can manifest as impulsivity, self-harming behaviors, or suicide attempts. Complex PTSD can also cause problems with relationships, resulting in isolation and mistrust. 

C-PTSD is a relatively new diagnosis, but it is important to be aware of the difference between C-PTSD and PTSD so that you can get the most accurate diagnosis and treatment if you have experienced long-term trauma. If you think you might have C-PTSD, talk to a mental health professional.

What Happens To Your Body As It Ages?

Ageing is an inevitability that will affect us all at some point. But what actually happens to your body when it ages? And are there ways you can slow down the ageing process? 

Reduced bone and muscle

Muscle mass declines by around 3-8% every decade after the age of 30, with most men losing around 30% of their muscle mass over the course of their lifetime. Losing muscle tissue negatively affects your strength and is a leading cause of immobility in older people. 

As you age, you also lose bone density. This, combined with the decline in muscle mass tends to result in the characteristic shrinkage that you see in old age. The deterioration in bone tissue leaves you at risk of developing osteoporosis, which in turn makes you more vulnerable to breakages and fractures. Women are particularly susceptible to osteoporosis as their bodies produce less estrogen after the menopause and this hormone helps to protect the bones from breaking down. Additionally, according to this dentist who does dental implants in Tampa, your dental health will deteriorate too. Thankfully, you can help protect your body from losing bone and muscle tissue by doing regular exercise. Strength training, combined with a balanced diet, is particularly effective as it supports bone and muscle repair.

Oxidative stress 

Free radicals are a natural waste product of your metabolism, but can also be produced in response to exposure to UV radiation, cigarette smoke, car fumes, and other external pollutants. Over time, free radicals can cause damage to body tissues and cells, and break down collagen.  This process is known as oxidative stress and is a major contributor to the ageing process. 

While some oxidative stress is inevitable as part of natural ageing, it’s a good idea to try and reduce it with simple heathy habits. Always protect your skin from the sun, avoid smoking, and cut down on saturated fats and alcohol. Vitamin E helps to protect your cells from oxidative stress, so consider taking a supplement with a high vitamin E content like Nestle BOOST Optimum

Changes in perception

As you age, your ability to see and hear decline. Hardening and thickening of the eye lens makes focusing and seeing in dim light harder. The number of optic nerve cells also decreases with age, affecting depth perception, and the lens starts to yellow, changing the way you perceive colours. You can help to slow age-related eyesight damage by wearing sunglasses to protect against UV radiation, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular checks at the opticians. 

When it comes to hearing, you’ll find that your ability to hear high-pitched noises decreases as you get older. One of the most frustrating aspects of this is that most word consonants are higher-pitched and are harder to hear, therefore, understanding speech becomes more difficult. You might also find it harder to focus in on single conversations when there is a lot of background noise. Maintain your hearing for as long as possible by protecting your ears from loud noise, either by avoiding loud places or wearing earplugs. 


Many changes occur in your body as it ages. A loss of bone and muscle tissue will leave you more vulnerable to breakages, fractures, and immobility; whilst oxidative stress will damage your cells and tissue, causing skin to lose elasticity. Your eyesight and hearing will also decline, changing the way you perceive things. Fortunately, there are healthy behaviours you can adopt to help reduce the damage caused by ageing. 

Scam from Truth: Navigating the Wellness Industry

The health and wellness industry covers a vast range of sectors and markets that have grown exponentially in value and revenue. One of the most critical challenges in this industry is the ever-increasing information available to anyone seeking means to improve their health and navigate potential health solutions. 

A lack of ethical boundaries and credibility has turned the wellness industry into a confounding and intimidating maze of misinformation that can distort scientific truths and medical expertise.

According to data from the Global Wellness Institute in its Global Wellness Economy Monitor 2021 report, the wellness economy accounted for roughly 5 percent of global economic output in 2020. The industry’s worth is projected to grow by almost 10 percent on average year over year, which could reach a total of $70 trillion by 2025. From corporate wellness to mental health, there is the opportunity for growth and fraudulent activity in every sector of the wellness industry. 

What Defines Health Fraud?

According to the FDA’s definition of health fraud scams, they involve the advertisement or sale of products that claim to prevent, treat, or cure moderate to severe health conditions but are not scientifically proven safe and effective. 

Deceptive marketing catchphrases such as “miracle cure,” “vaccine alternative,” “guaranteed results,” “secret ingredient,” and “scientific breakthrough” are red flags for health fraud per the FDA, but not all fraudulent products are labeled so obviously and identified so easily. Some fraudsters are more cunning with their marketing tactics and may try to sell consumers on a health trend ahead of the actual product. 

The Role of Social Media in the Wellness Industry

Social media has become one of the most profitable marketing channels to target new consumers. Health trends can emerge out of thin air and become sensationalized on platforms such as TikTok, Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. 

The downside is that any health trend can go viral, even if it is false or misleading. Social media influencers without any credibility can lead followers into trying a new product or regimen, which can result in a wasted investment of money and time, disappointment, frustration, and even serious health risks and consequences. 

Fasting, juicing, and cleansing have all had their share of the spotlight as miraculous remedies for rapid weight loss and other ambitious health goals. However, there is often very little (if any) scientific or medical evidence to support these theories. The truth is, these wellness trends are often driven by marketing campaigns to sell products such as juices, teas, and supplements that are not as miraculous as they are hyped to be. 

COVID fraud has become an increasing issue on social media platforms, where scammers have advertised therapies and medications that can prevent, treat, or cure COVID. The Federal Trade Commission has intervened in 400 cases where companies have promoted false advertisements on YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram since the start of the pandemic. The consequences of these false claims can be deadly for people who attempt to use these fraudulent and ineffective products in place of proper COVID treatments.

Final Takeaway

It is crucial to obtain information from authoritative and reliable sources, especially when a serious health issue is involved, but it can be difficult to know which sources are trustworthy. Some wellness scams can be so well-disguised and convincing that people believe whatever they claim and will buy into whatever they are selling. 

Being wary of buzzing health trends and advice from wellness gurus or influencers on social media can help you avoid becoming prey to a health fraud scam or medical myth. It is always a good idea to cross-check information you find with credible sources online to verify whether what you’ve heard or read is based on facts or fiction.

The Benefits of Inpatient Rehab

 Inpatient rehab refers to a stay at a rehabilitation facility where you receive around-the-clock care from medical professionals. This type of care is beneficial for those who are struggling with addiction and need more support than outpatient care can provide. Here are some of the benefits of a rehab center.

Supportive Environment

One of the main benefits of inpatient rehab is that it provides a supportive environment. When you’re surrounded by people who are going through the same thing as you, it can be easier to stay on track with your recovery. There’s also 24/7 support from medical professionals, so if you have any questions or need any help, someone will always be there for you. 

Personalized Treatment Plans

Another benefit of inpatient rehab is that you’ll receive a personalized treatment plan. This means that your plan will be specifically tailored to your needs based on factors such as your age, substance abuse history, mental health, and more. Having a personalized plan can increase your chances of success because it ensures that you’re receiving the best possible care. 

Structured Environment 

Inpatient rehab provides a structured environment that can be helpful for people who need structure in their lives. The structure of inpatient rehab can help people progress in their recovery by providing a daily routine and expectations that need to be met. 

Safe Environment

Inpatient rehab offers a safe environment where people can focus on their recovery without distractions or temptations. People who are in treatment will be able to stay away from triggers that might lead to relapse. 

Who Needs Inpatient Rehab?

Anyone who is struggling with addiction or substance abuse can benefit from inpatient rehab. Inpatient rehab is a form of treatment that involves living at the facility while receiving around-the-clock care and supervision. This type of care is beneficial for those who are struggling with severe addiction or have relapsed after previous attempts at sobriety. Inpatient rehab provides a structured and safe environment where people can focus on their recovery without distractions or temptations. 

Inpatient rehab usually lasts for 30 days but can be longer or shorter depending on the individual’s needs. During treatment, people will participate in individual and group therapy, as well as other activities like recreational therapy and 12-step meetings. The goal of inpatient rehab is to help people achieve and maintain sobriety so that they can live healthy and fulfilling life. 

Why choose Inpatient Treatment?

Inpatient rehab provides many benefits that can help you on your journey to recovery. If you’re struggling with addiction, consider seeking out inpatient rehab so that you can take advantage of the supportive environment and personalized care that a rehab center provides.

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction, inpatient rehab can be an effective form of treatment. Inpatient rehab offers many benefits, such as 24/7 supervision, a structured environment, and a focus on individual needs. If you are considering inpatient rehab, it is important to find a reputable facility that will provide you with the level of care that you need to recover from addiction.

5 Qualities of An Enriching Environment

An enriched environment increases multisensory stimulation to create new ideas; identify issues, and discover new things. Studies have proven that an enriched environment help reduce stress and anxiety, enhance learning and memory and increase cognitive function.

Rehabilitation centers are one institution that embeds the study into their services. They offer a combination of physical interactions and social stimulations. They provide refreshing, breath-taking, roomy environments filled with physical activities such as sports and exercise to help with physical stimulation.

Your current environment may happen to be a trigger point for your addictions. An enriching environment will eliminate your daily anxieties, obligations, and pressures so you can concentrate more clearly on your recovery free of temptations and distractions

1. Physical Interaction 

There is nothing more refreshing than a morning run to boost your health. Regular physical activity helps the brain to develop. It can repair memory, enhance sleep, and reduce depression and anxiety to improve your quality of life. Rehabilitation centers use it to inhibit behaviors and plan and organize routines to help you with your addiction. 

2. Mind Interaction 

You are only as powerful as your mind. Meditation will give balance. Mind interaction with the environment provides focus, relaxation, and inner peace, and relieves stress. Introducing mentally stimulating factors will reduce your urge to seek addictive solutions. 

Take up new mental tasks that are new and challenging but not too stressful. This will give you a sense of fulfillment. 

Using drugs and alcohol is merely a symptom of addiction, and finding the underlying cause is crucial to prevent relapse. You can identify the stimuli to your drug dependency by undergoing various therapies and beginning your healthy lifestyle.

Surround yourself with people who know about recovery to help you handle the challenges you will encounter. Therapies like individual therapy will enable you to better comprehend yourself and your feelings. During such sessions, you will set goals to help you heal. 

3. Sensory Interaction 

The merging of different senses causes sensory interaction. Sensory interaction will allow you to process emotions, thoughts, and attitudes. It will enable you to identify areas that need to change in your life. Emotion is a powerful stimulus to trigger communication, which will be a milestone in your journey to recovery. 

Addiction is the physical dependency that requires regular usage that causes problematic effects. Substance abuse is cancer in your life. It slowly eats away at relationships, finances, mental, and physical health, leaving you hollow. 

Addictions to alcohol, opioids, sedatives, benzodiazepines, and stimulants are dangerous. They cause chronic illness and even death. Fatal, unintentional and undetermined drug overdoses stand at more than 1,300 according to the Connecticut Department of Public Health Drug Overdose Monthly Report. As an addict, you must uproot this cancer from the root to begin a healthy journey. 

4. Being Engaged 

People struggling with addiction may face stigmatizing or naturally isolate themselves, afraid to seek help. Never be afraid to ask for help. Some professionals and institutions are always ready to help you regain your life in a safe and private environment.  

Johari’s window is a theory that explains perception. In an enriching environment, you will be able to see old things in a new way from different perceptions. Enriching environments will introduce you to Picking up new habits to replace some of your current behaviors. You will receive enlightenment, such as new coping mechanisms for stress, healthy communication, and how to improve your general well-being. 

Due to the availability of harmful drugs and medications, finding a safe environment, like drug rehabilitation, is necessary to avoid relapse. With the wrong conditions, you can easily give up on the healing initiative. Seeking refuge in a housing complex with onsite facilities and services like drug rehab services in Connecticut can guide you through your journey and make the withdrawals easier.

Try new treatments for addiction treatment, such as evidence-based treatment approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy, FDA-approved medicines, exposure therapy, functional family therapy, assertive community treatment, dialectical behavior therapy, and motivational interviewing. These will create a conducive environment to help you with your addiction.

You are not in this alone. Fellow patients can motivate and support you by giving you a helping hand through mentorship. These people will affect your attitudes, viewpoints, understanding, and behaviors associated with drug use. Sharing is caring. Having a support group will emotionally and mentally engage you to help you face the root cause of your addiction.

A distinctive, community-driven setting will help you with a routine and the structures to enforce your recovery daily. Acquire medical and mental health care available round the clock. The detoxification can be dire; you will need a prescription to aid you safely. 

The treatment staff and medical professionals are key players in the course of your treatment. Accredited staff can medicate you accordingly and give other holistic healing methods will make an impeccable difference in your recovery. 

Achieve Your Goals

Environmental factors are components of any recovery. The early stages of sobriety and recovery are undoubtedly the most difficult. Endeavor to create an enriching environment to tide you over the initial phase and lay a foundation for your recovery.